Technical Indicators: The Definitive Guide

Last Updated on September 19, 2021 by Alphaex Capital

In trading, there are many technical indicators that can be used to make trading decisions.

These indicators help determine when it is the best time to buy or sell a specific currency pair.

Traders have their own preferences in technical Indicators and which ones they use for trading forex.

Some traders rely on technical analysis of charts while others prefer fundamental analysis data such as economic reports.

This article will discuss how some of the most popular Technical Indicators work and which ones are best for different types of traders!

What Technical Indicators Are And How They Work

A trading indicator is a measure that can be used to tell when it may be the best time to buy or sell an asset. There are technical indicators for many assets such as stocks, forex trading, and commodities.

A trading indicator is calculated by taking data about the asset’s price history and turning it into a readable form that might give traders insights on how they should trade this asset in the future.

There are different technical Indicators that measure the same thing in different ways. This means it is difficult to know which trading indicator will be best for your trading strategy, so a trader should try out as many forex Indicators as possible before deciding on one.

Some of these technical Indicators include Bollinger Bands, Relative Strength Index, and Moving Averages.

Do indicators work in trading?

There is no trading indicator that can be used to make trading decisions with 100% accuracy.

However, technical Indicators can provide insights on how the market might change in the future which will allow traders to take advantage of trading opportunities and avoid trading losses.

Indicators are not always perfect, but they can provide valuable information about the market.

Technical Indicators are an important tool for trading forex because they help traders avoid trading without any sense of direction.

Technical Indicators for forex traders

The Types Of Technical Indicators That Can Be Used To Trade Forex

There are two types of technical indicators you can use:

  1. Oscillator Technical Indicators: trading indicators that plot between a low point and high point, usually between 0-100. These normally give you a range of whether the price is considered overbought or oversold. They are usually seen “off” of the chart in their own window. A type of oscillator indicator is the Relative Strength Index.
  2. Overlay Technical Indicators: These trading Indicators are plotted on the price chart itself. These are usually known as lagging indicators too because they only plot AFTER the price has closed. The most commonly used indicators are the moving average and Bollinger bands.

When analysing the forex markets, there are a large number of technical Indicators available for forex traders.

There are thousands of indicators traders can use when trading. Not all the indicators work for everyone, so it is important to learn more about them and how they function before using one in your strategy.

Technical analysts often use a combination of technical indicators and chart patterns in order to come up with trading ideas.

Top 6 Technical Indicators Used By Forex Traders

There are many forex Indicators that can be used to trade forex.

These technical indicators work differently, so it is important for traders to know these forex Indicators and which ones might be the best fit for their trading strategy:

– Bollinger Bands

Bollinger bands measure volatility in a currency pair by showing how far away from the trading range the trading prices are.

Bollinger bands that have a lot of variance from the trading range may be an indicator to buy or sell because it will show how volatile the trading price is at this time.

– Relative Strength Index

Relative strength index measures momentum in forex trading by showing which direction trading prices are moving and whether they are trading higher or lower than the trading prices in the past.

– Moving Averages

Moving averages are technical indicators that measure momentum by showing how a currency pair is moving.

The most common trading indicator for forex trading, it gives traders an idea of where to buy and sell because it shows periods when trading prices may be overpriced or trading prices may be trading at a discount.

– Fibonacci technical Indicators

Fibonacci trading Indicators are technical Indicators that measure volatility and momentum by showing where the trading prices will go in the future based on how far away from a previous high or low they have reached.

They also work to show when traders should buy or sell depending on what their trading strategy is.

– Momentum based technical Indicators

Momentum based trading Indicators measure market momentum. They can be used to determine when traders should buy or sell because they show periods where trading prices might be overpriced or trading prices trading at a discount.

– Ichimoku Kinko Hyo trading indicator

The indicator that traders are talking about.

The Ichimoku Kinko Hyo trading indicator is something that looks complex when at first glance, but once mastered it’s gives you a complete view of what the markets are doing.

This indicator generates it’s visuals based on the current supply and demand in the market, using levels of trend lines to plot future occurrences of trading movements.

Which Trading Indicators Are Best For A Short-Term Trader

It is important to know if technical Indicators will be best for a short-term trader, long-term trader, or someone who trades both.

The technical Indicators that work best for a short-term trader are trading volume and Bollinger bands because they react to the standard deviations of the market.

Following the rule of everything reverts back to the mean price, they provide an excellent opportunity for most short-term traders to capture the reversal.

This trading strategy can help traders determine if trading prices will go up or down by looking at historical trading volumes.

Although most indicators can be used for any timeframe – so make sure you test what works for you.

Which Trading Indicators Are Best For A Long-Term Trader

Trading indicators that work well with long-term forex trading tend to be moving averages, RSIs/MACDs, and the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo because they show momentum by showing how a currency pair is moving.

Although these are not the gold standard – they do provide the ability to smooth out longer term trends to make longer term decisions with good success.

How Forex Indicators Can Help You Make Better Trading Decisions

Technical indicators are helpful in making trading decisions because they show past prices and where current prices might be headed.

When traders see trading Indicators, it gives them an idea of whether to buy or sell so that they don’t make any costly mistakes by investing at a high price when they should have waited for a lower trading price.

For example, you could be looking at a forex market structure that could indicate a particular move in the near future and look to short the market.

However:

If the Relative Strength Index is signalling that market strength oversold, it would be wise to avoid trade because indicator doesn’t agree with structure of current market.

Forex Technical Indicators List

Below is an extensive list of forex indicators that you should have a look at.

Not all indicators are suitable for every trader, so it’s about finding something that works for you.

Accumulation Distribution

Accumulation Distribution Indicator is a volume-based tool that was used to measure supply and demand.

Using the accumulation/distribution line, it tries to determine whether traders are actually buying (accumulation) or selling (distribution).

Accumulation Distribution Technical Indicators for Forex

Aroon

Aroon indicator is a trading indicator that measures momentum by showing trading volumes and trading levels of trend lines.

Aroon Trading Indicators for Forex

Average Directional Index

The way this trading indicator works is that it measures the amplitude of momentum, with a range of values between 0 and 100.

If the values are below 20, it signals that there is no trend to capture. The greater the number of ADX, the more momentum there is trading in a certain direction.

ADX Trading Indicators for Forex

Average True Range

The trading indicator Average True Range (ATR) is a trading indicator that is used to measure volatility.

ATR Technical Indicators for Forex

Awesome Oscillator

Developed by Bill Williams, it measures market momentum as well as the strength of market trends with a view to determining where prices will go in the near future.

Awesome Oscillator Trading Indicator

Bollinger Bands

Bollinger Bands is trading indicator that measures volatility and trading pressure by showing trading volumes.

Bollinger Bands Technical Indicators for Forex

Chaikin Money Flow

Chaikin Money Flow trading indicator is trading indicator that measures trading pressure and trading volume.

Chaikin Money Flow Trading Indicator

Chaikin Oscillator

The Chaikin Oscillator measures volatility by combining the Weighted Moving Average with the MACD.

Chaikin Oscillator Trading Indicator for Forex

Commodity Channel Index

Another common indicator used by forex traders is the Commodity Channel Index. It measures trading pressure and trading volume.

Commodity Channel Index Trading Indicator

Directional Movement

Directional Movement is major trading indicator that traders use to determine where trading prices will go in the future.

When it is used with trading charts, it measures trading pressure and trading volume because of its major components ADX and DMI.

Directional Movement Trading Indicators

Donchian Channels

Donchian Channels measures the market movements of recent highs and lows. The upper bands represent previous market highs and the lower bands represents market lows. This is a great indicator if you want to trade breakouts.

Donchian Channels Technical Indicator for Forex

Elder’s Force Index

Elder’s trading indicator is a trading indicator that uses trading volume to measure volatility.

Elder Force Index Indicator

Fib Retracement Tools

Fibonacci technical Indicators are technical Indicators that measure volatility and momentum by showing where the trading prices will go in the future based on how far away from a previous high or low they have reached.

They also work to show when traders should buy or sell depending on what their trading strategy is, where the Fib retracement tool is one of them.

Fibonacci trading strategies are very powerful and proven. They help to determine market levels and take advantage of retracements back into predictable support and resistance zones.

Fib Retracement Technical Indicators for Forex

Hull Moving Average

Hull Moving Average trading indicator is a trading indicator that uses trading volume to measure trading prices.

Hull Moving Average Trading Indicator

Ichimoku Kinko Hyo

It measures trading prices, trading volumes and trading pressure to predict future trends based on past movements.

Ichimoku Kinko Hyo Technical Indicators

Keltner Channels

Keltner Channels trading indicator is trading indicator that measures trading prices, trading volume and trading pressure to predict future trends.

Keltner Channels Indicator

Know Sure Thing

A trading indicator that is used to spot several cycles, such as divergence, overbought or oversold.

Know Sure Thing Indicator

MACD (Moving Average Convergence/Divergence)

The MACD is trading indicator that’s very popular with most traders. It shows a divergence or convergence between a fast and slow moving average.

MACD Indicator

Moving Averages

A indicator that plots a line which tracks the movement of the price. It uses an average price to show you if the market is above or below the average based on X amount of days.

There are several versions you can use, these are:

  • Simple Moving Average
  • Exponential Moving Average
  • Weighted Moving Average
  • Smoothed Moving Average
Moving Averages Technical Indicators

Parabolic SAR

Parabolic SAR is an indicator that shows you when the price may reverse in the near future. These are quite easy to trade.

Parabolic SAR Trading Indicator

Pivot Points

Pivot trading indicator is trading indicator that points out support and resistance trading levels based on the previous day’s trading action.

Pivot Point Indicator

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

The RSI is a trading indicator that shows you if the current market is overbought or oversold.

This trading indicator has a trading range of 0 to 100 with a trading value of zero when trading prices are equal to trading volumes.

Relative Strength index Indicator

Stochastics

This trading tool uses two lines to measure a divergence or convergence between one fast line, which follows the close prices, and one slow line, which follows the high/low prices from day-to-day.

Stochastic Indicator

SuperTrend

The SuperTrend indicator provides buy and sell signals based on the indicator value generated by the ATR. Great for capturing intraday trends.

SuperTrend Trading Indicator

Williams %R

The trading indicator Williams %R is trading indicator that measures the trading price relative to trading volume. The trading range of this trading tool is 0% – 100%.

Williams %R Indicator

Williams Alligator

The trading indicator Williams Alligator is a trading tool that measures trading price and trading volume following each other, going up in a series of “steps” in the shape of an alligator.

Williams Alligator Indicator

Williams Fractal

A trading indicator is a trading tool you can use to predict future trading prices by using fractals.

Williams Fractal Trading Indicator

Zig Zag

The Zig Zag indicator fluctuates between a significant high and significant low thus plotting swing highs and lows. This is useful for those who prefer swing trading.

Zig Zag Indicator

All of these indicators are available for free on TradingView – if you want to have the best experience with this platofrm, checkout our Tradingview Review for free.

Technical Indicators: The Definitive Guide Conclusion

If you’re serious about your forex trading, then it’s essential that you know what the most important indicators are and how to use them.

The best way to learn is by experimenting with different indicators yourself.

All indicators work if you force them too, so it’s best to really test them vigorously.

That way you can fully understand all of their strengths and weaknesses.

We’ve compiled a list of some popular technical indicators in this article – which one will be your first experiment?

If you loved this Technical Indicators: Definitive Guide, then you’ll love following us on social media where we’ll be sharing how to trade these forex indicators and share the trading strategies that you can use with them too.

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